You’ve seized control of your future finances by saving steadily for retirement. But there’s something you definitely can’t control: You can't prevent an economic recession.
And, with some experts warning the next one may arrive in the coming years, it’s understandable if you’re worried. How can you shield your retirement portfolio from economic downturn?
Even in a depressed economy, you have more power than you realize. Take these five steps to keep your financial plan on track in uncertain economic times.
A solid financial plan will account for the ups and downs of the market.
1. STAY IN THE MARKET
Investing in the stock market always comes with a measure of risk. In exchange, you’re typically rewarded with higher returns than those you’d get from savings accounts, CDs and the like. But sometimes the market dips, and your portfolio takes a hit.
So should you get out when the market drops? Probably not in most cases, says Jennifer M. Jedrzejewski, J.D., CLU®, CFP®, a member of the Advice Practice Team at Northwestern Mutual. “People are living longer than they ever have before, so you need your money to last a long time,” she says. Keeping your assets invested can help you beat inflation and enjoy the unique financial growth that can come from investing.
A solid financial plan will account for the ups and downs of the market. When you’re younger, that may mean simply riding out a downturn and waiting for your portfolio to recover. That’s OK, since you won’t need to withdraw from your investments any time soon. If you’re older and need to regularly withdraw money from your savings, you’ll want a mix of investments and assets that aren’t tied to the market (more on that in a bit).
2. MAKE SURE YOU’RE REBALANCING
Through your life, you’ll want a mix of riskier assets for growth and safer assets for stability. “The closer you get to retirement, the less risky you usually want to be,” Jedrzejewski says. She notes that targeting the risk level that’s right for you is critical.
But in addition to setting your asset allocation (your mix of risky and safe assets) and changing it as you get closer to retirement, you should also rebalance regularly. That’s because a long run of stock market returns can actually leave you taking more risk than you should. Here’s why: Say you set your asset allocation at 80/20 (80 percent stocks and 20 percent safe assets like bonds). After years of growth in the stock market, your asset allocation could turn into 90/10 if your stocks grow faster than your bonds. When you rebalance, you sell some stocks and buy bonds to get back to 80/20. Then when the next downturn hits, the gains from the stocks you sold will be in safe bonds.
3. GUARANTEE AT LEAST PART OF YOUR RETIREMENT INCOME
Utilizing guaranteed income sources, which are not impacted by market volatility, and accumulating a cash reserve can be smart ways to ride out a recession without serious loss. “You have something you know will be coming in every month, and know the amount won’t be impacted by the market,” Jedrzejewski says.
Pensions, annuities and Social Security are examples of stable sources of retirement income. If you’re on the verge of retirement, consider keeping enough cash in a risk-free location — like a savings account — to cover a couple years’ worth of expenses. Cash value in permanent life insurance can be another tool for you to use to fund a cash reserve. In a low-performing market, you’ll be able to tap that cash supply instead of selling investments at a loss.
4. DIVERSIFY, DIVERSIFY, DIVERSIFY
“Without proper diversification, the market risk to your portfolio is a lot higher,” Jedrzejewski says.
The goal of diversification is to keep your portfolio healthy, regardless of what the market is doing. “If the market does fluctuate, you may have a portion of your portfolio that will respond positively and may offset some of the negative impacts,” she adds.
So make sure your portfolio includes a system of checks and balances. That means not only having a mix of stocks, bonds and cash in your portfolio, but also a mix of different groupings or sectors where your investments are made within each asset class.
5. WORK WITH AN EXPERT
Facing an uncertain market — especially as you close in on retirement — comes with high stakes. “But you don’t have to go it alone,” says Jedrzejewski. She recommends working closely with a knowledgeable financial advisor.
A great advisor understands your financial goals and can guide you to options that truly fit your needs. After all, strong financial plan can prepare you for the ups and downs of the market to allow you to weather a recession and focus on what’s really important: enjoying your retirement.
All investments carry some level of risk including the potential loss of principal invested. No investment strategy can guarantee a profit or protect against loss.
Utilizing the cash values through policy loans, surrenders, or cash withdrawals will reduce the death benefit; and may necessitate greater outlay than anticipated and/or result in an unexpected taxable event. Assumes a non-Modified Endowment Contract (MEC).